The Pulmonary (Lung) Procedures our doctors can perform fall under one of these categories.
- Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) Embolization: treatment of abnormal collection of blood vessels in the lungs in which oxygenated blood is short circuited directly back to the heart.
- Bronchial Artery Embolization (BAE): procedure used to treat severe, ongoing, or recurrent vomiting of blood by blocking flow of blood in the brochial artery.
- Inferior vena cava (IVC) Filter Placement: placement of a tiny mesh filter in the inferior vena cava that prevents blood clots in the legs from traveling to the lungs or heart.
- Lung Tumor and Nodule Biopsy: extraction of small amounts of tissue from a tumor or nodule within the lung.
- Pulmonary Artery Angiography: examination of the pulmonary artery using fluoroscopy.
- Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) for Lung Tumors: procedure that uses radiofrequency energy to destroy tumor tissue.
- Thrombectomy: removal of a blood clot from the pulmonary artery.
Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) Embolization
Pulmonary AVM embolization is a procedure that treats arterio-venous malformation (AVM). An AVM is an abnormal collection of blood vessels in the lungs in which oxygenated blood is short circuited directly back to the heart instead of supplying surrounding tissues with oxygen and nutrients. AVMs are congenital, and their cause is unknown.
People who have an AVM may or may not know it. Symptoms may include headaches or seizures, or you may have no symptoms at all. If the AVM is not treated, it can rupture.
AVMs can be treated by embolization, in which tiny polyvinyl particles are released into the blood vessels that compose the AVM and effectively block blood flow to the AVM. As the AVM was not supplying any tissue with nutrients or oxygen, no harm comes from blocking the blood flow.
AVM Embolization is a catheter-based procedure that our doctors perform at Good Samaritan Hospital in Dayton, Ohio. The procedure takes about an hour and a short hospital stay is expected.
Bronchial Artery Embolization (BAE)
Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) is a procedure that is used to treat severe, ongoing, or recurrent vomiting of blood (hemoptysis). Hemoptysis can be caused by pneumonia, bronchitis, lung cancer, tuberculosis, brochiectasis, and pulmonary thromboembolism. Embolization restricts or completely blocks blood flow and has been successful used to treat hemorrhage in many parts of the body.
BAE is a catheter-based procedure that our doctors perform at Good Samaritan Hospital in Dayton, Ohio. The procedure takes about an hour and a short hospital stay is expected.
Retrievable IVC Filter Placement
A retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is a tiny mesh filter that can be placed in the IVC to prevent blood clots in the legs from traveling up to the lungs to cause a pulmonary embolism.
Typically, when a deep vein thrombosis (blood clot in the leg) has been diagnosed, blood thinners will be prescribed first, to prevent the clot from moving and help it to dissolve without danger. If the blood thinners are not proving effective or if you cannot take blood thinners for some reason, a filter may be implanted.
A long flexible catheter is inserted into your blood vessel and the guided via fluoroscopy (live X-ray) to the inferior vena cava. The filter is deployed by the catheter and left in place to catch any clots that start traveling to your lungs. The filter may be left in place or it may be removed when the clot has dissolved.
IVC filter placement is a catheter-based procedure performed by our doctors at Good Samaritan Hospital in Dayton, Ohio. The procedure takes about an hour and a short hospital stay is expected.
Lung Tumor and Nodule Biopsies
Lung tumor and nodule biopsies are performed to extract small amounts of tissue from a tumor or nodule within the lung. A slender needle is inserted through the skin into the tumor or nodule and the tissue is removed to be examined. The information gained from the examination can diagnose or rule out lung cancer.
Lung tumor and nodule biopsies are needle-based procedures that our doctors perform in our freestanding facility. The procedures take about an hour and no overnight stay is required.
Pulmonary Artery Angiography
Angiography is a medical imaging technique for viewing blood vessels. It can be used to check for blockages, restrictions, or other abnormalities.
A catheter is used to gain access to the blood vessels, generally through the femoral artery, though the jugular vein may also be used. This long flexible catheter is guided through the blood vessels, and uses an x-ray contrast agent to allow fluoroscopy to be used to view the arteries or veins on the viewing monitor.
Angiography may be used to view the vessels of the legs and arms (peripheral angiography), or it may be used to view the vessels in the heart (coronary angiography) or the lungs (pulmonary angiography).
Angiography is a catheter-based procedure that our doctors perform in our freestanding facility. The procedure takes about an hour and no overnight stay is required.
Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) for Lung Tumors
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure that uses radio waves to destroy damaged or abnormal tissue. It may be used to close a damaged vein to force healthy veins to take over its function. It may be used to destroy cancerous tumors in the liver or lungs.
When RFA is used to treat tumors, a hollow needle is guided directly into the tumor using fluoroscopy (live X-ray) for guidance to ensure precise placement. Once the needle is in place, a set of tiny metal wires is extended and radiofrequency energy is applied.
When RFA is used to treat damaged or malformed blood vessels, the tiny metal wires are transported to the correct location with a catheter that travels through your blood vessels.
Radiofrequency ablation (RF ablation) is used to treat benign tumors, called osteoid osteomas, that usually occur in teenagers and young adults. These painful lesions can be treated by using radiofrequency energy to destroy the lesions and immediately adjacent surrounding tissue, which relieves the pain.
This needle-based procedure is performed at our freestanding facility in Dayton, Ohio, and requires no overnight stay.
Thrombectomy and Thrombolysis
Thrombectomy and thrombolysis are used to treat blood clots within arteries or veins. These can occur for many reasons, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and peripheral artery disease (PAD). Thrombectomy is the removal of the blood clot, thrombolysis is the destruction of the blood clot.
A flexible catheter is inserted and guided to the location of the clot with the help of fluoroscopy (live X-ray). In thrombolysis, a clot-busting (thrombolytic) chemical is injected directly into the clot so that it dissolves harmlessly. In thrombectomy, the clot is grabbed and then slowly drawn out of the vein or artery.
These are both catheter-guided procedures that our doctors perform at our freestanding facility. The procedure takes about an hour and no overnight stay is required.